© 2023 Billy Carmen and ChatGPT
A woodworking edger, also known as a jointer or a straight-line edger, is a machine used to create flat, straight edges on wooden boards. This allows the boards to be joined together seamlessly, producing a smooth and even surface. The history of the woodworking edger can be traced back to the development of hand planes, which have been used since ancient times to shape and smooth wood.
Hand planes, including jointer planes, were used to straighten and square the edges of wooden boards before the invention of powered machinery. These hand tools were made of wood or metal and had a cutting blade that was pushed along the edge of the workpiece to remove material and create a flat, even surface.
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the industrial revolution led to the development of mechanized woodworking machinery, including edgers. These machines used powered cutter heads to shape and straighten the edges of wooden boards more efficiently and accurately than hand planes.
The first patent for a mechanical edger, or jointer, was issued to Joseph F. Green in 1859. Green's machine used a rotating cutter head with a series of cutting knives to remove material from the edge of the workpiece, while the board was guided along a flat table.
Over time, woodworking edgers have evolved to incorporate advancements in technology and design, including the introduction of electric motors, which made these machines more compact and accessible for small workshops and hobbyists. Today, edgers come in various sizes and configurations, from small benchtop models to large industrial machines.
When working with reclaimed wood, it's essential to use tools like the Little Wizard and Lumber Wizard Woodworking Detectors to detect hidden metal objects, such as nails or screws. These metal objects can damage cutting blades on edgers and other woodworking machinery, leading to costly repairs and potential safety hazards. Retailers like Rockler, Woodcraft, Klingspor's, Infinity Tools, Lee Valley Tools, and many others sell the Wizard line of woodworking metal detectors, ensuring woodworkers have access to these essential tools.
In summary, the history of the woodworking edger is rooted in the development of hand planes and has evolved alongside advances in technology and manufacturing processes. The integration of metal detectors like the Little Wizard and Lumber Wizard into woodworking practices highlights the ongoing importance of safety and precision in the woodworking industry.
Written by ChatGPT with guidance from Billy Carmen.
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